About NY Justice Courts
New York Justice Court Directory
Justice courts directory By County
One of the unique aspects of New York's Justice
Court system is that judges in justice courts do not have to be
attorneys or have any extensive training in the law.
Judges in every other court in New York must be attorneys in order to
assume their seats on the bench. In many ways the justice court
system is a hold-over from New York's colonial period when attorneys
were few and far between. There is a movement under way to improve
the understanding of the law that Justice Court judges have. To
learn more about the pro's and con's of the justice court system
Another difference between Justice Courts and all other courts in NYS is that Justice Courts are not "courts of record." This means that proceedings that take place in these courts are not transcribed, word-for-word, by a court reporter. This can create problems if an appellate court is asked to review a decision made by a justice court judge. To some extent this issue is being addressed by the program that the state government is implementing to create digital recordings of all proceedings. As of early 2008 only a limited number of justice courts have been provided with the digital recording devices.